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UNEMPLOYMENT RATE FALLS TO 10.5%

Portugal’s rate of unemployment totalled 10.5% in November (it was 12,3% in November 2015), according to a provisional estimate from the country’s National Statistics Institute (INE), which also lowered the figure for October to 10.6%, compared to an initial estimate of 10.8%.

According to INE, the unemployment rate was higher among women (10.5%) than men (10.4%) compared to October 2016, with the number of unemployed women falling by 0.1 percentage points and the number of unemployed men by 0.3 percentage points.

Unemployment among young people was 28.4%, 0.6 percentage points higher than in the previous month, while among adults it was 9.1%, or 0.2 percentage points lower.

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WHAT ARE THE MAIN LEGAL PROCEEDINGS TO COLLECT A DEBT IN PORTUGAL?

The most common debt collecting legal proceedings applicable in Portugal are as follows: Ordinary proceeding The ordinary proceedings in the first instance can be divided into declarative proceedings and enforcement proceedings. In a declarative proceeding, the court decides on the merit of the litigation between the parties. In an enforcement proceeding, the court enforces a judgment or an enforceable title such as a cheque. Declarative proceeding  After a claim is submitted to the court, it is served to the defendant. The service is generally carried out by registered mail. When it is shown to be impossible to serve the complaint via registered mail, the service is instead made through direct contact. The defendant then has 30 days to present his reply, where he can defend himself by alleging procedural objections, arguing that facts are not true, or stating other facts. The defendant may also file a counterclaim. However, it must be connected with the main claim or with the def

NUMBER OF NEW COMPANIES RISES

Business formation with new businesses having been started in Portugal went up in 2017. Over 3,687 new companies were registered in Lisbon (14.5% more than in 2016), while Porto registered 7,107 new firms (5% up on the previous year). On the other hand, business failures in Portugal fell 12.7% in 2017 compared with 2016 to 6,284, while the number of new companies being set up rose 9.1%, to 40,465. Lisbon and Porto saw the highest number of bankruptcies – 1,683 and 1,330 respectively, but these were still 2.4% and 15.4% lower than in 2016.

WHAT IS A TRADEMARK AND WHAT DO I NEED TO DO TO REGISTER IT IN PORTUGAL?

A trademark is a sign that identifies products or services that exist or is going to be launched in the marketplace. Trademarks enable us to distinguish a company’s products or services from those of other companies. A trademark can comprise letters or words (verbal trademark), but may also be composed of pictures (pictorial trademark), or both (mixed trademark). It is also possible to register sounds as trademarks (recorded graphically on staves - sound trademark), as well as three-dimensional shapes (three-dimensional trademark). Trademarks can also be made up of advertising slogans, independently of any Copyright protection they may enjoy. If the trademark is pictorial or contains a mix of words and pictures, you need to attach a picture of the trademark for publication in the Industrial Property Bulletin. This should be on A4 paper, no larger than 8cm x 8cm, and no smaller than 3cm in at least one of its dimensions. The image for publication should be of good technical quality

I FOUND THAT THE PROPERTY I PURCHASED HAS DEFECTS, WHAT CAN I DO NOW?

Every consumer purchase is covered by a mandatory legal guarantee. As long as you are a consumer, no seller can claim otherwise. Legally, the property must not suffer from any defect which has a negative impact on its value or which renders its regular use impossible. If these warranties are breached, the consumer can choose between repair, replacement, refund or a price reduction. However, the buyer must notify the seller of defects within one year of their discovery. If the property is newly built, the purchaser will also benefit from a five-year warranty period. According to Art. 1225 of the Civil Code, the seller is liable for damages in respect of certain defects during five years, if he has also constructed, repaired or modified the building.

PORTUGAL, A PEACEFUL COUNTRY

In the recent  Global Peace Index 2016, Portugal is ranked as the fifth most peaceful country in the world, in a table that organises 163 countries. The index is based on 23 quantitative and qualitative indicators that measure the level of peace in each country. The indicators can be grouped into three general themes: level of security and protection of society; the number of international conflicts and; the degree of militarization. Among these factors, Portugal scored in militarization (1.4 points out of 5), society and security (1.6 out of 5) and internal conflicts (1.1 out of 5). Portugal also scored in other factors such as the perception of crime, the level of violent demonstrations and crimes, the impact of terrorism or the number of displaced persons.